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A news event is a happening that is worth capturing and publishing in a news report.
The chief editor in a service is the person responsible for all news capture, editing and casting that occurs in that service.
A head of desk is in charge of one news desk of a service.
A newscast manager is in charge of one casting department of a service.
A reporter is a person who initially captures a news event as a news package. One news event may require different reporters for different types of media (text, photographs, video recordings and audio recordings).
An editor takes news packages provided by reporters and converts them into a form suitable for publication. This may involve merging of news material in different media (for instance text and photographs) or conversion between media (for instance text and video recordings).
An augmentor improves the content of news packages in standard ways. For instance an augmentor may be responsible for touching up photographs (hopefully just removing imperfections) or translating text between languages.
A caster takes the news as it is provided by editors and tailors it to the needs of a particular type of end-user (for instance the clients of a broadcast service, industrial or commercial companies, or a newspaper publisher).
A news hungry business is the client of the news propagation business. Obvious examples of such businesses are newspaper publishers and radio and television broadcasting businesses. However most industrial or commercial companies require news summaries relevant to their businesses.
A raw news package is the material collected by a reporter (mainly at the site of a news event). It may take the form of text, photographs, video recordings or audio recordings.
A revisable news package is the edited form of the news package worked on by a reporter and an augmentor and provided to an editor.
A finished news package is a news package as output by an editor. It may combine different media, for instance text and photographs.
A published news package is created and distributed by the casting department.
News plans are predictions about the news material that will be published in the future. For instance the news desk head, newscast manager, and customer businesses may agree how they are going to handle a future theme such as the wimbledon tennis tournament or the G7 meeting. Of course the details of events within the theme may not be known or may change but the broad outline of the theme can be agreed.
Customer agreements are definite contracts with customer businesses to provide news packages on particular themes or particular types of event.
Desk control is the set of interactions between a chief editor and a head of desk required to control the operations of a desk. It enables the chief editor to determine the proportion of the service's resources invested in particular types of event.
Publishing control is the set of interactions between a chief editor and a newscast manager required to control the operations of a casting department. It enables the chief editor to determine the proportion of the service's resources targeted on particular types of customer.
Event control is the set of interactions between a desk head and a reporter required to handle a particular news event. It enables the desk editor to determine what type of reporter attends each event and what material should be collected.
Theme control is the set of interactions between a desk head and an editor required to handle a particular theme (or collection of events). It enables the desk editor to determine what coverage is given to each theme. A theme for instance might be the wimbledon tennis tournament whilst an event might be one particular game within that tournament.
Newscast control is the set of interactions between a newscast manager and a caster required to manage the publication of events for a particular clientele.
last revision: 1st August 1997